Computers online understand each other because they speak a similar language. This language is called “TCP/IP,” that is an abbreviation for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol.
Let us look at how an email message functions. If you type an e-mail to your grandmother, the computer — just like the post office — will want to understand where to deliver the message.
That is why you supply an email address when you send an e-mail. Unlike a telephone, which transmits your voice, the computer transmits your message in the language of the Internet.
Maybe you have heard of the World Wide Web and wondered what spiders are doing online? Well, the “Web” has nothing to do with our eight-legged friends. The Web (WWW) is simply a portion of the Internet that strings together bits of advice to make them simpler to find.
Let’s pretend you’re writing a report on the history of Wonderopolis. You head to the Wonderopolis Public Library to find some local history books. Envision how long it’d take you to locate the advice you needed if all the novels in the library were thrown in a giant heap.
Happily, the Wonderopolis Library is rationally organized into sections, and each section is clearly labeled. All you have to do is go to the nonfiction region, find the history shelf and locate the local history section. Within minutes, you’ve got access to the advice you will need.
This is how the Internet functions, also. Instead of all the information online being thrown together in an electronic stack, the Web creates links between related information to help keep it organized.